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Von der Leyen Withdrawal Agreement: A Comprehensive Guide

The Von der Leyen Withdrawal Agreement is a document that outlines the terms and conditions under which the United Kingdom is set to leave the European Union. The agreement was negotiated between the EU and the UK government, and it is named after the former EU Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, who played a key role in the negotiations.

The Withdrawal Agreement is a complex document, but it basically covers three key areas: the financial settlement, the rights of EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the EU, and the Northern Ireland protocol.

Financial Settlement

One of the main objectives of the Withdrawal Agreement was to secure a financial settlement between the EU and the UK. As part of this settlement, the UK agreed to pay a so-called “divorce bill” to the EU, which is estimated to be approximately £30 billion. This payment is intended to cover the UK’s outstanding financial obligations to the EU, such as commitments to EU programs and pensions for EU officials.

Rights of EU Citizens

Another important element of the Withdrawal Agreement is the protection of the rights of EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the EU. The agreement guarantees that EU citizens residing in the UK, as well as their family members, will be able to continue to live, work and study in the UK. Similarly, UK citizens residing in the EU, as well as their family members, will be able to continue to do the same in EU member states. The agreement also provides for the mutual recognition of professional qualifications across the UK and the EU.

Northern Ireland Protocol

The third key area covered by the Withdrawal Agreement is the Northern Ireland protocol. This is an arrangement that aims to avoid a hard border between Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland (which is an EU member state). The protocol establishes a customs and regulatory border in the Irish Sea, which means that goods entering Northern Ireland from Great Britain will be subject to checks and controls.

In summary, the Von der Leyen Withdrawal Agreement is a comprehensive document that covers a range of important issues related to the UK’s departure from the EU. While it has been ratified by both the EU and the UK, its implementation has been subject to ongoing negotiations and disagreements. As the UK continues to navigate its post-Brexit future, the Withdrawal Agreement will likely continue to be a topic of discussion and debate in both countries.