Any legal challenge could have been made as soon as possible so that we would not suffer another cold season in the swamp of another epidemic. In 1876, the Supreme Court of the United States, in Munn v. Illinois, 94 U.S. (Otto) 113, 24 L. Ed. 77, held that « natural monopolies » could be regulated by the government. Munn was concerned about grain elevators, but more generally advocated the principle that the public should be able to control private property devoted to a use in which the public has an interest. This legal recognition of natural monopolies forms the basis for much of the government`s legal and regulatory control over public services. The vault was ankle-deep in the swamp and the prisoners were so crowded that no one could sit without leaning on another. Reilly, Kathleen C. 1995.
« Global Benefits versus Local Concerns: The Need for a Bird`s Eye View of Nuclear Energy ». Indiana Law Journal 70. This latest racist ruling was just one aspect of deepening the swamp of controversy in which Tesla has found itself in recent months. But the wicked are like the raging sea that cannot rest, and its waves throw earth and mud. In truth, the flag of Great Britain lay in the swamp, otherwise these men would not have dared to address it in this way. But she let us film her journey back from the swamp of scandal and the abyss of despair for OWN. Tomain, Joseph P. 1990.
« The dominant model of energy policy in the United States. » University of Colorado Law Journal 61. The emphasis placed in the mid-1990s on the market-oriented regulation of private sector energy development, maintenance and distribution may need to change in the coming years. The energy demand of industrialized countries is increasing and the developing countries of the world are increasing their energy demand by 4.5 per cent per year. In Asia alone, oil demand increased by 50 per cent between 1985 and 1995. The desert war was, by definition, mobile warfare, the antithesis of deadly wear and tear in the swamp of the Western Front. Join our community to access the latest language learning and assessment tips from Oxford University Press! On October 17, 1973, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) announced an embargo on oil exports to all countries, including the United States, that supported Israel in the Yom Kippur War. Only about 10 percent of U.S. oil imports were affected, but the perception of a major oil shortage motivated the next three presidential administrations to exert strong federal influence over energy. And Tyre has firmly established itself, assembling silver as earth and gold as the swamp of roads. Miller, Alan S. 1995.
« Nixon`s Energy Policy to Clinton: From Big Supplier to Market Broker. » Environmental law 25. The Ronald Reagan administration moved policies that marked a significant shift in national energy policy away from the centralized and regulated energy plan of the Carter administration, which set ambitious goals for market stabilization and energy conservation through government intervention. The Reagan administration favored a more market-oriented approach to achieving these goals. Although the goal of abolishing the Department of Energy failed, the Reagan administration succeeded in deregulating the natural gas industry through administrative initiatives (under the auspices of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) and the Wellhead Decontrol Act of 1989 (15 U.S.C.A. § 3301). Electricity; Energy Division; Environmental law; mining and mining law; Utilities. By 1900, the Standard Oil Company controlled 90% of the oil market; Within a few years, antitrust law had reduced its market share to 64%. In addition to antitrust enforcement, the German government has merely let the market control the energy sector. Oil, coal and natural gas have found their biggest structural obstacle in the distribution « bottleneck » – pipelines for oil and natural gas and railways for coal. The dominant model of energy policy that emerged from this period and remained unchanged until the 1970s was to support conventional resources and regulate industries whose natural monopolies required some government oversight to ensure that their public purpose served a public interest. Energy regulation in the late 1800s took place at the local and regional level and was primarily market-oriented.
The transition from using wood as a primary energy source to using coal was almost complete, and a second transition from coal to natural gas and oil began. President Richard M. Nixon created the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (Exec. Order No. 11,930, 41 Fed. Reg. 32, 399) and appointed an « energy czar » to oversee oil supplies. The administration of President Gerald R. Ford saw the adoption of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (42 U.S.C.A.
§ 6234) and the enactment of minimum efficiency regulations for automobiles. In 1977, the administration of Jimmy Carter created the Department of Energy (42 U.S.C.A. § 7101), which provided the framework for the coordination, administration, and implementation of a comprehensive national energy program. The National Energy Policy Plan, published in 1995 under the administration of Bill Clinton, continued the market-oriented approach of the Reagan and Bush administrations. The plan identifies a « sustainable energy policy » as its primary objective, noting that « the government`s energy policy supports and reinforces the dominant role of the private sector » in achieving this goal. The administration of George H. W. Bush also favored a market-based approach to regulating energy, but the 1991 Gulf War against Iraq forced Congress to react to volatile conditions in the oil-exporting Middle East. The National Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C.A. § 13201) dealt with issues such as competition among electricity generators and tax credits for wind and biomass generation systems.
Engineers on both sides of the border ran into sewage control barriers with sticks and sent cameras into the swamp to search for a block, but found nothing. « But it wasn`t a lie, » Punch began, pouncing on a difficult explanation that left him more desperately in the swamp. Laitos, Jan G., and Tomain, Joseph. 1992. Energy and Raw Materials Act. St. Paul, Minnesota: West. Find the answers online with Practical English Usage, your go-to guide to problems in English. The laws and regulations governing energy production and distribution have been in place in the United States for over a hundred years.
Energy law was recognized as a specialty after the energy crises of the 1970s. It focuses on the production, distribution, conservation and development of energy resources such as coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear energy and hydroelectricity. Find out which words work together and create more natural English with the Oxford Collocations Dictionary app. The objective of a comprehensive national energy programme was achieved with the adoption of the National Energy Act of 1978, which included five different laws. The National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C.A. § 8201 et seq.) sets standards and provides funding for building maintenance. The Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act (42 U.S.C.A. § 8301 et seq.) encouraged the transition from oil and gas to coal in boilers. The Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 2601) gave Congress the power to transmit electric power between states.
The Natural Gas Policy Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 3301) unified the gas market and encouraged the deregulation of the natural gas industry. The Energy Tax Act (26 U.S.C.A. § 1 et seq.) authorized tax credits to promote environmental protection. The language of Sherlock Holmes is as fascinating as the stories. Future energy policy should focus on the development of more efficient and sustainable energy sources. Many countries are already exploring the energy potential of biomass, wind, hydroelectric and solar energy.